Cyclones and Hurricanes history in Dominican Republic

The cyclones, hurricanes and storms in Dominican Republic

From 1615 till our days…

Hurricanes in Dominican Republic, a constant phenomenon

Dominican Republic has been in the hurricane eye: 76 reports show the vulnerability of the island of Hispaniola that is divided with Haiti.

Between the different categories, winds and central pressure, they were no more than 44 hurricanes that affected houses and entire districts, whereas 32 tropical storms affected the country.

The following graphic show the most important hurricanes and storms of our recent history. In this one you can see the path and an animation to see how hurricanes or storms affected the country:

1615 : The hurricane San Leonicio affected the island around September 12. Even if ONAMET don’t know the category it reached, it’s considered as one of the most devastating phenomena in the 1575-1615 period.

1899 : The hurricane San Ciriaco occurred on August 9 and reached the category number 3. The phenomenon crossed over the North West coast, including Puerto Plata.

1901 : San Cirilio was a category 1 hurricane and affected the country on July 7th. Even if it was directed towards the south of Puerto Rico, it caused floods and damages in the North East and North part of the country. It directly affected the Mona canal.

1930 : San Zenón is one of the hurricanes that are engraved in the Dominicans’ memories, because, even if its category was only 2, it devastated Santo Domingo city, causing more than 2000 dead people, 15000 injured people and destroyed many areas. Because of the lack of orientation and organisms at this time, the people thought that the hurricane eye was an end signal, whereas the winds started few minutes later. This phenomenon was a starting point for the dictatorship of Rafael Leonidas Trujillo Molina.

1950 : The tropical storm Baker took place on August 23 and crossed over Cabo Engaño while moving towards West North-West and getting out in the Atlantic Ocean by the Puerto Plata Province.

1952 : Charlie was a tropical storm that occurred on September 23. It crossed over the oriental provinces of the island, while going out on the Atlantic by the area corresponding to the municipalities of the Puerto Plata, Río San Juan and Gaspar Hernández provinces.

1955 : The Hilda hurricane happened on September 13 and moved in parallel of the Northern coast of the country. It reached the category number 2.

1955 : Only one month and 3 days later, the hurricane Hilda passed through the North-East coast of the Dominican Republic. This phenomenon reached the category number 3 and its eye crossed over Pedernales, causing human and material losses.

1958 : Ella was a hurricane category 2 that crossed over the country on August 31rst. It moved over the Barahona peninsula and produced rains on the South and South East of the country.

1958 : One month after this last, on September 14, the tropical storm Gerda affected the Barahona peninsula and went out of the territory by the Canal del Viento.

1961 : On October 2nd, the tropical storm Francés affected the country and moved towards the North East.

1963 : Edith entered in the country on September 27 and moved towards the North East. It was a category number 1 and did not cause many damages.

1963 : The Flora hurricane crossed over the Barahona peninsula on October 3rd. Category number 4, it passed away from the land but caused floods in the South, South West area and caused many dead people in these regions.

1964 : Cleo, a category 5 hurricane arrived on August 24th. It crossed over the South part of the Barahona Peninsula, causing floods and killing people.

1966 : On September 29th, Inés hurricanes category 5 affected the Barahona peninsula, destroying on its path the Oviedo village and leaving hundred of dead people.

1967 : Beluha is another category 3 hurricane that affected the country. From September 11th, it caused strong rains in the city of Santo Domingo, on the West of the country and in the Beata Island.

1975 : The Eloisa Hurricane, a number 1 phenomenon, affected from September 17 the Loma de Cabrera area and caused strong rains in the South of the island.

1979 : One of the strongest hurricanes arrived on August 31rts, and its name, David is in all memories. It was a category 5 hurricane that caused the death of more than 2000 persons, caused the flood of rivers in all the country and damages to infrastructures in the South region.

1979 : Six months after David, the tropical storm Frederick caused strong rains and floods in the South region of the country.

1980 : Allen was a category 5 hurricane that crossed away on the South of the island on August 5th. However, it produced strong surges and tides on the South coast.

1981 : On September 9th, the tropical storm Gert crossed by the North East of the country.

1982 : The tropical storm Derby formed itself in the Escosesa Bay and crossed over the North of the island on September 13th.

1987 : The hurricane Emily, which trajectory was parabolic, entered on the South coasts while crossing by the Nizao village and the Neyba bay on September 22nd, and went out by the North coast of Haiti.

1988 : A category 5 hurricane named Gilbert crossed slightly on the South of the Barahona peninsula on September 11th.

1996 : The Hortense hurricane passed through the Altagracia province, and the eye crossed over the International Airport of Punta Cana. Of category 3, this phenomenon produced strong rains on the East zone, causing floods.

1998 : Another hurricane that will stay forever in the Dominicans memories. George affected the island at dawn, entering by the East of the country and causing big damages: destructed houses in the East area, rains in the Cordillera Central, floods of the Sananeta River and the death of more than 1000 persons. This category 3 hurricane caused 12 feet waves and had a pressure of 971 MB.

2000 : The tropical storm Derby affected the North coast on August 23rd. This phenomenon moved in parallel to the Luperon and the Isabela coasts.

2003 : Odette is a tropical storm that entered in the island by the South West coast on the Cabo Falso Barahona on December 6th. It caused rains, mudslides and big damages on agriculture. It killed 8 persons too.

2004 : The hurricane Jeanne, category 1, entered in the country on September 16th. Even if it lost intensity when it made landfall, it caused flooding in the East region, destructed bridges and isolated, during a few days, the tourist zone of the East area.

2007 : Dean was the fourth hurricane of the season and affected the country on August 18th. It was a category number 4 hurricane, but it transformed into a tropical storm thanks to the Dominican geography. Communities as Punta Cana and the Malecón of Santo Domingo were partially destructed, five persons were injured, tens of houses destructed and a young Haitian boy who was 16 year-old died, swept away by the Caribbean sea waters.

2007 : The storms Noel and Olga, from September 28th to December 11th, were the phenomena that most affected the country. Noel reached sustained winds between 64km and 97km per hour. 73 persons died, 43 were lost, 64.096 persons were evacuated and 1.526 rescued. It caused the destruction of the El Duey village in Villa Altagracia and the isolation of 39 communities of the Southern region because of bridges’ collapses and rivers floods. The Olga storm, on the other hand, left 14 dead people in Dominican Republic, 34.480 victims and damages in 6.896 houses, and 76 isolated villages. The most affected province was Santiago because of the opening of the Tavera Dam by the Dominican Hydraulic Resources Institute (INDRHI) authorities.

By Romina Vásquez

Weather

Dominican Republic
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